Infographic: The French Presence in New Brunswick

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The French presence in New Brunswick. Details in text following the infographic.
Text version: The French presence in New Brunswick

Text version: The French presence in New Brunswick

  • French is the first official language of 32% of the population (235, 695 people)
  • 33% of the population can speak both English and French (245,890 people)
  • 18,111 students are enrolled in French immersion (25% of eligible enrollment)
  • 42,954 students are enrolled in core French (60% of eligible enrollment)
  • The Université de Moncton is Canada’s largest French-language university outside Quebec
  • Of the seven school districts in New Brunswick three are Francophone
    • Francophone North-West (based in Edmundston): 19 schools
    • Francophone North-East (based in Tracadie-Sheila): 38 schools
    • Francophone South (based in Dieppe): 37 schools
  • In 2014–2015, 28,934 students were enrolled in 94 French-language public schools in the province (29% of all students in the province)

Where do Francophones live?

Economic Regions

  • Campbellton–Miramichi: 41%
  • Moncton–Richibucto: 35%
  • Saint John–St. Stephen: 3%
  • Fredericton–Oromocto: 4%
  • Edmundston–Woodstock: 17%

Where were they born?

  • In New Brunswick: 89%
  • Elsewhere in Canada: 9%
  • Abroad: 1.5%

Where were French-speaking immigrants born?

  • Americas: 55% (75% of these immigrants were born in the United States)
  • Europe: 20%
  • Africa: 18%
  • Asia: 7%


The Frye Festival is held yearly in Moncton and promotes Canada’s bilingual literary heritage and cultural diversity.

The Jeux de l’Acadie is a sporting and cultural competition that brings together over 1,000 young Francophones from the Atlantic provinces.

The Festival acadien de Caraquet celebrates Acadian culture and music.

There are three major French-language book fairs in the province: Edmundston, the Acadian Peninsula and Dieppe.


French colonists settled on Saint Croix Island, an island between New Brunswick and Maine, in 1604. Beginning in 1755, the Acadian community was dispersed following the Great Upheaval but gradually regained its vitality.  Since 1881, Acadians have celebrated National Acadian Day on August 15.

In 1969, New Brunswick became officially bilingual with the passage of the Official Languages Act. In 1981, An Act Recognizing the Equality of the Two Official Linguistic Communities in New Brunswick was adopted, and in 1982, the province’s bilingual status was enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Today, the province has an updated Official Languages Act and a commissioner of official languages.



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