The French presence in Manitoba

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The French Presence in Manitoba. Details in text following the infographic.
 
Text version: The French Presence in Manitoba

Text version: The French Presence in Manitoba

  • French is the first official language of 3.5% of the population (41,365 people)
  • Nearly 9% of the population (103,145 people) can speak both English and French

Education

  • 21,214 students are enrolled in French immersion (12%*) (* of eligible enrolment)
  • 60,762 students are enrolled in basic French (34%*) (* of eligible enrollment)
  • 5,200 students attend French-language schools.
  • 24 French-language educational institutions
  • In 2015-2016, over 2,000 students were registered at the Université de Saint-Boniface, the only French-language university in Western Canada.

Where do Francophones live?

  • There are 16 bilingual municipalities in the province: Winnipeg and 15 rural municipalities.

Most Franco-Manitobans live in Winnipeg, and about one third of them live in the south of the province.

Economic Regions

  • Southeast: 21%
  • South Central 5%
  • Southwest: 4%
  • North Central: 6%
  • Winnipeg: 58%
  • Interlake: 3%
  • Parklands: 2%
  • Northern: 1%

Where were they born?

Most Franco-Manitobans were born in the province.

  • In Manitoba: 77%
  • Elsewhere in Canada: 14%
  • Abroad: 8%

Where were French-speaking immigrants born?

Almost half of the French-speaking immigrants in Manitoba were born in Africa.

  • Africa: 48%
  • Europe: 33%
  • Asia: 10%
  • Americas: 8%

Celebrate!

February: Saint-Boniface hosts the Festival du Voyageur, the largest winter festival in Western Canada, where visitors from around the globe come to bask in the joie de vivre of French Canadian culture.

February: Louis Riel Day is a public holiday in the province. It commemorates the life of Louis Riel, a politician who represented the Métis people’s interests.

June: Every year on French Canada’s biggest holiday, Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day, Francophones gather in La Broquerie and in Saint-Boniface to celebrate their French culture with concerts, sports and recreational activities, a parade and much more.

History

In 1731, explorer Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye and his sons were the first Europeans to reach the territory we now call Manitoba.

For about a century and a half, the Métis—people of mixed First Nation and European ancestry—made up the majority of the population in this territory. Most were Francophone.

When Manitoba entered the Canadian federation in 1870, its population comprised an almost equal number of Anglophones and Francophones. Guarantees were therefore included in the provincial constitution to preserve this linguistic duality. These guarantees protected the bilingualism of laws, courts and denominational schools.

Between 1870 and 1890, with the arrival of many English-speaking Ontarians and immigrants from Eastern Europe, major demographic changes occurred in Manitoba, and Francophones became a minority group.

In 1890, the provincial government abolished the official status of French in the legislative assembly and in the courts. The same year, it eliminated the funding that it provided to denominational schools and prohibited the teaching of French in public schools.

In 1979, the Supreme Court of Canada restored the bilingualism of Manitoba’s laws and courts. In 1993, Franco-Manitobans regained control of their schools.

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Date modified:
2017-09-18